Category: Women in the Bible

The A-B-C- To Salvation In Christ Jesus

 

Dear Reader – IF you have not accepted Christ Jesus as Lord and Saviour of your life – it is our belief that time is running out. To receive and accept Jesus as Lord is as simple as A. B. C.

A – ACCEPT that you are a sinner, and you need the blood of Jesus to cleanse you of your sins.

Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

B – BELIEVE  in you heart that Jesus is the Son of God and He came and died on the cross to take away the sins of Mankind.

John 3:15-18 15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

C – CONFESS – Confess with your mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord.

Romans 10:9-11 9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

 

PRAY THIS PRAYER IF YOU BELIEVE THE ABOVE

 

Heavenly Father – I come to you as a sinner in need of the blood of Jesus who shed His blood on the cross of Calvary to forgive me and take away my sins. I ask that You forgive me and wash me and cleanse me with the blood of Jesus of all my sins Lord. I believe in my heart that Jesus is the Son of God. I accept Him today as the Lord and Saviour of my life. I ask Lord that you send your Holy Spirit to come and live within me and help guide my footsteps as I walk in the newness of the new life in Christ Jesus. I thank you Father for writing my name down in the Lamb’s Book of life. In Jesus name I pray. AMEN.

Brothers and Sisters – if you prayed the above pray for the first time – you are NOW born again. WELCOME TO THE FAMILY OF GOD.

I would encourage you to tell others of your new found faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Find a church that preaches and teaches the undiluted Word of God without fear of man, and start to grow in the Lord.

WELCOME BROTHER.

WELCOME SISTER.

GOD BLESS YOU ALL. In Jesus name. Amen.

Typology In Motion

 

WEEK 52:

Ruth 4:15-22 15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him. 16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. 17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. 18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, 19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, 20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, 22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.

Verses 14-22 – When we recount the life of Joseph, we see similarities between Joseph and Naomi. Naomi had to go through so much before her destiny became apparent to her. We read in verse 16  “And Naomi took the child, and laid it on her bosom, and became nurse unto it”

Naomi nursing the child seems very odd to me, after all, it was Ruth who gave birth to him. Why did Naomi nurse him? Naomi took him as her own son, but why? The answer to this will be answered as we go through the “typology” of Ruth.

Verse 18 – Yet again, we see the genealogy starting with Pharez. Why was Jesus born in Bethlehem?

Luke 2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea unto the city of David, which is in Bethlehem, (because he was of the house and the lineage of David).

Ruth and Boaz are the reason that Jesus was born in Bethlehem fulfilling prophecy. Jesus could not be born in Nazareth – had to be Bethlehem. What follows now is a beautiful prophetic picture of the typology we see in Ruth and how it all points to our greater than Boaz Redeemer Jesus Christ.

OBED & JESUS: Obed is himself a type of Christ. Obed was the only begotten son of his father Boaz. Jesus was the Only begotten Son of the Father God. Obed was given by his father to restore when Ruth places him on Naomi’s lap – to restore her and it was given to restore, resurrect and redeem. Jesus was given by His Father to restore, resurrect and redeem. Obed’s name means “servant”. Jesus came as the suffering servant. Obed was the father of Jesse. Jesus was the root of Jesse. Obed was an Israelite from the line of Judah – also Pharez. Jesus was an Israelite from the line of Judah – also Pharez. Obed was an agent of redemption. Jesus was the One and Only agent of redemption. Obed was the son of Naomi and the son of Boaz. You may be asking – how come Naomi is the mother of Obed, and not Ruth? We need to back track to get the answer to this.

Back in those days the kinsman redeemer would have to marry the widow and give her a son to carry the name of the family forward. The problem was that Naomi was no longer of child bearing age – she had long passed that. So it begs the question – who would the kinsman redeemer marry? The answer was Ruth. Therefore, the son born to Ruth would be as if it was a son born to Naomi. That is why we read in verse 14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

Now this son of Naomi and the son of Boaz and the son of Ruth as well, would point to in its type Jesus Christ. Jesus being the Son of Man and the Son of God – the dual nature. He was fully God and He was fully Man. The body of Obed was made from both a Jew and a Gentile. The Body of Jesus is made up of both Jew and Gentile, and in Christ there is neither Jew nor Greek, nor Gentile………

NAOMI & RUTH: Here we have a picture of the Jew and the Gentile. Woven into the fabric of this typology is a picture of the pre tribulation rapture of the Bride of Christ, and the restoration of Israel as the elect of God. When the fullness of the Gentiles comes in and is complete – when the trumpets sound – the rapture of the Church happens, then God at that time – once the Bride of the Church has been removed and the time of the Gentiles is complete, God will then focus His attention on Israel – His chosen people.

Romans 11:25-26 25 For I would not brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the times of the Gentiles be come in. 26 And so all Israel shall be saved; as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

That is why and the purpose of the tribulation. That is why they (Israel) enter into the seven year tribulation, because the purpose of the tribulation is for the salvation of the Jewish Nation. God is not through with Israel yet. There is still one week or seven years prophesied by Daniel. Sixty nine weeks have been fulfilled – there remains but one week (7 years). The remaining week is when the LORD focuses His attention on Israel.

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.

God is not through with the Jews, because He has a covenant with the Jews. God also has a covenant with we the Gentiles. His covenant with Israel is an everlasting covenant.

Ruth 1:19 – This is a type of the two of them – Naomi and Ruth. Jew and Gentile as a picture of the coming together in this place called Bethlehem.

Ruth 1:22 – They came to Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest. Even to this present day, the Jews when they celebrate the feasts of harvest, they read the Book of Ruth – about Naomi a Jew and Ruth a Gentile coming together at the harvest.

Ruth 2:2-3 – Boaz as a kinsman redeemer meets Ruth. He can buy back the field belonging to Elimelech and marry the Gentile bride of this man’s son, to carry on the family name of his brother (Deuteronomy 25:5-10).

Ruth 4:13 – Boaz marries Ruth. The field that he bought back that had to be redeemed is a picture of a type of the world that is bought back by the next of kin – kinsman – a type of Jesus Christ who became Man – kins-man. Kin; next to kin – next to us. He is the kinsman who became one of us – next to us. Kinsman – fully God and fully Man – our next of kin to be our Kinsman Redeemer – then out of His love for His Gentile bride a son is born in Bethlehem.

Ruth 4:14 – Boaz so loved Ruth, that he gave her a son so she would not be left without the seed, keeping the name throughout all of Israel.

Ruth 4:16-17 – The child born in Bethlehem is seen as Jesus who is now embraced in the lap of Naomi who is Israel. Israel is going to yet future embrace the Son – the Messiah born in Bethlehem that they first rejected when He first came. Ruth a type of the Bride of Christ is not seen again in the Scriptures once Naomi – a type of Israel embraces the son – a type of the Messiah born in Bethlehem.

The son born to Boaz and Ruth became Naomi’s. He was accepted as Naomi’s. So Naomi (Israel) embraces Obed who would be David’s grandfather. Obed was king David’s grandfather, and as such he would be the line from which Jesus the Son of the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. Ruth in giving her son born in Bethlehem to Naomi is a picture of Israel prior to and never heard from again once she does – it is a picture and a type of the pre-tribulation rapture. How is that possible you may ask?

Well Ruth – a type of the Church follows Naomi – a type of Israel, which is how she became joined to Boaz – as a type of Christ. Boaz takes Ruth who leaves all behind such that she does not go through the yet future tribulation that is still upon the entire land. Remember, the Book of Ruth took place during the time of the judges when every man did what they felt was right in their eyes. This Book of Ruth took place during a type of tribulation – that is Israel rejecting God and doing whatever seemed right in their own eyes. That is Israel today! When Jesus takes the Bride out of here, the Jews will go through the seven year tribulation. The tribulation does not start until the Church is removed, and the Antichrist will not be revealed until the Church is removed.

BOAZ & JESUS – Boaz the kinsman redeemer had to be a family member – he had to be related to Elimelech. With Jesus, He added humanity to His eternal deity so that He could be our Kinsman Redeemer – related to us. Man next to us – Man kin – Kinsman so as to redeem us as fully God and fully Man. With Boaz, the kinsman redeemer had the duty of buying family members out of slavery. Back in those days, if you became indebted and you had sold all your land and all your possessions and you did not have anything else to sell, you would have to sell yourself into slavery to your debtor – the one to whom you owed the debt. So this kinsman redeemer would buy you back after being sold, after selling yourself into slavery.

Jesus redeemed us from slavery to sin and death in that we were bought with His blood shed in our stead. When Boaz the kinsman redeemer had the duty of buying back the land that had been forfeited – we become indebted and we have to forfeit the title deeds to the land because of our indebtedness. With Jesus – He will redeem the field/world – the field is the world that the first Adam forfeited over to Satan when he signed the title deed over to Satan. Jesus sells everything – He gave up everything – even His own life to buy the field – not for the field, but for the pearl of great price that is in the field.

Matthew 13: 45-46 45 Again the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls. 46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it.

Remember, Boaz only spoke about redeeming his bride. He was not interested in the land/field. He already has so many fields. He was a very wealthy landowner. Boaz wanted that pearl of great price in that field – Ruth the bride. Jesus also wants the pearl of great price – us – the Bride so He’ll redeem the world so that He can get the Bride,

This world is under the control of Satan, and it will be until the Millennium when the earth will be restored to its former state prior to the fall when sin entered the world.

Boaz as a kinsman redeemer to Ruth was not motivated by self-interest; he was motivated by his love for Ruth. Jesus us our Kinsmen Redeemer was also not motivated by self-interest, rather His motivation for redeeming us was the agape love for us.  Boaz as a kinsman redeemer to Ruth had to have a plan. He had a plan when he went to the city gates to deal with the law of this nearer kinsman redeemer. Boaz had a plan to redeem Ruth unto himself. So too, Jesus had a plan to redeem us by dying on the cross, which according to:

1 Corinthians 1:18 is foolishness to those who are perishing, but power to us being saved.

Boaz as a kinsman redeemer to Ruth provides her a glorious destiny, just as Jesus our Redeemer provides us a glorious and eternal destiny.

BOAZ; JESUS & the FATHER – There is also a contrast between Boaz, the Saviour Jesus and the Father. Boaz was a wealthy land owner. The Saviour was not wealthy. He had no place to lay His head. The Father – the earth is the LORD’s and the fullness thereof (Psalm 24:1).  Boaz was a relatively old man. Jesus was a relatively young Man. The Father is the Ancient of Days (Daniel 7:9).  Boaz was the ruler of many servants. The Saviour Himself was a servant. The Father rules over all servants. Boaz gave his son to redeem. The Saviour gave Himself to redeem. The Father gave His Only begotten Son to redeem. Boaz – his name means is strength. The Saviour means “I am forgiveness”. The Father – in Him is strength and power – all power. Boaz was an Israelite from the line of Judah. The Saviour is the Israelite from the Lion of the tribe of Judah. The Father has no beginning and no end.

THE MEANING OF THE NAMES FOUND IN THE BOOK OF RUTH:

 

Elimelech – God is my king, as a type of Israel who declares and acknowledges their God as their King.

Naomi – Pleasant and is a type of the redeemed Israel.

Mara – Bitter and is a type of unleavened bread.

Orpah – Stiff necked and or back of neck and is a type of those who stiffen their neck and turn back from following the God of Israel as Orpah did in turning back to Moab from Naomi

Ruth – Friendship and is a type of the Gentile Bride as a friend of God.

Obed – Servant or one serving and is a type of Jesus Christ who came as a servant the suffering servant to serve.

Bethlehemites – Residents of the House of bread and it’s a type of these faithful Israelites trusting God to provide even in a famine or in a tribulation in their trusting of the Lord of the harvest.

Mahlon – Unhealthy and sickly and is a type of the unhealthy fruit of an unhealthy Israel.

Chilion – Ailing, perishing and wasting away and is a type of the perishing fruit of an unfruitful Israel.

Nearer kinsman – No mane given. It is absent from the narrative, The name is not given and is a type of the law that cannot ultimately redeem nor save, which is why no name is given – such that you can’t be saved by the law. Now we can contrast that with this, that the name of Jesus

Acts 4:12 For there is no other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

Only Jesus can save him. No name for the nearer kinsman is a type of the law and the ten elders with him cannot be saved.

Threshing floor – the threshing floor points to the meaning of separating the grain and it is a type of the Throne of God – the Seat of Judgement where finally and ultimately at the end of the harvest – the wheat and the tares are separated, and that is what it points to.

Pharez – Breakthrough – is a type of Jesus Christ who breaks through the tomb as Pharez did the womb.

 

THE FEASTS OF HARVEST

The feasts of harvest are also known as first fruits. Leviticus 23:9-24 gives an account of all the feasts. Here is how one was to celebrate the feasts. The feasts of first fruit were celebrated on one day and it was the first day of the week – Sunday – Resurrection Day. Jesus resurrected on the first day of the week, and in so doing He fulfilled the feasts of first fruits in the resurrection.

This feast was celebrated at the beginning of the first barley harvest with a wave offering, which is when Ruth gleaned from Boaz’s field. It then brings us to the feasts of week – also known as harvest. It fell on the first day of the week after seven weeks. Seven times seven is forty nine and the day after the seventh week = the fiftieth day. It was the fiftieth day and that is why it would later be called the feasts of Pentecost. The day of Pentecost and this feast is a type of the birth of the Church, and it happened on the day of Pentecost.

Fifty days after leaving Egypt the Israelites arrived at Mount Sinai and with fire they heard the tongue of the LORD as Moses came down with the law. When Moses sees that the people have broken God’s law, he in turn breaks the two tablets that contain God’s law and on that very day – fifty days after the exodus out of Egypt when the law came down, 3,000 people died.

Forward fifty days after the resurrection it is the day of Pentecost. The disciples arrive not at Mount Sinai, but Mount Zion to the upper room for the celebration of this feast. What happened here? Tongues of fire comes down in the Spirit with the gospel and the Good News that comes down and all the sins of man have been paid in full by virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection from the dead – redeeming man. Man with us. God with us – our next of kin – our Kinsman Redeemer and when the Word of God was heard from God, instead of 3,000 people dying in one day – on that day, there are 3,000 people who were saved on the day – the day of Pentecost.

Exodus 32:28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.

Acts 2:41 Then they gladly received his word and were baptised: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

Putting the typology together this is what we see:

We come back to the typology found in the feasts of Pentecost having to do with the two loaves that were offered as a wave offering. The two loaves were waved up and down and to the left and to the right in the shape of a cross. However, there is a problem. The two loaves that were brought together had leaven – a type of sin. Just as the two tablets of the law coming down together in Moses’ hands were born to show our sin. This is a type of two people’s – two loaves. Two tablets. Jews and Gentiles who were brought together – both having a sin nature by virtue of the cross of Jesus Christ when that sin was paid in full and that is why there was a wave offering in the shape of a cross, and that is also why you had the Passover in the shape of a cross.  Sin brings death, and the Spirit brings life – the Church or the Gentile Bride is brought to life and fulfils the law by Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection.

Another point to this feast is how it is gleaned from the harvest points to our redemption by our Kinsman Redeemer. At the barley harvest they were not to glean all to the ends of the corners of the field, but they were to leave for the poor as part of the harvest and so the first cut in this harvest was to be insufficient so as to leave behind enough for the poor in order for them to glean a second time. So too is the first birth as sinners insufficient leaving us poor, which required the second birth – a second cut for redemption, which is what Ruth gleaning in the field of her kinsman redeemer pictures.

It all comes together – the barley harvest; the wave offering; a picture of the cross; the type of the Christ; the redemption of the Bride……..it all comes together.

The Book of Ruth is a true story of redemption and as such it is our story of truth in Jesus Christ who is our redemption.

He is the way. He is the truth. He is the life. AMEN! AMEN!! AMEN!!!

#ionlykneelforjesus.com

 

THE A. B. C TO SALVATION IN CHRIST JESUS

 

Dear Reader – IF you have not accepted Christ Jesus as Lord and Saviour of your life – it is our belief that time is running out. To receive and accept Jesus as Lord is as simple as A. B. C.

A – ACCEPT that you are a sinner, and you need the blood of Jesus to cleanse you of your sins.

Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

B – BELIEVE  in you heart that Jesus is the Son of God and He came and died on the cross to take away the sins of Mankind.

John 3:15-18 15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

C – CONFESS – Confess with your mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord.

Romans 10:9-11 9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

 

PRAY THIS PRAYER IF YOU BELIEVE THE ABOVE

 

Heavenly Father – I come to you as a sinner in need of the blood of Jesus who shed His blood on the cross of Calvary to forgive me and take away my sins. I ask that You forgive me and wash me and cleanse me with the blood of Jesus of all my sins Lord. I believe in my heart that Jesus is the Son of God. I accept Him today as the Lord and Saviour of my life. I ask Lord that you send your Holy Spirit to come and live within me and help guide my footsteps as I walk in the newness of the new life in Christ Jesus. I thank you Father for writing my name down in the Lamb’s Book of life. In Jesus name I pray. AMEN.

Brothers and Sisters – if you prayed the above pray for the first time – you are NOW born again. WELCOME TO THE FAMILY OF GOD.

I would encourage you to tell others of your new found faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Find a church that preaches and teaches the undiluted Word of God without fear of man, and start to grow in the Lord.

WELCOME BROTHER.

WELCOME SISTER.

GOD BLESS YOU ALL. In Jesus name. Amen.

 

 

A Child is Born

WEEK 51:

Ruth 4:8-14 8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe. 9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi. 10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day. 11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem: 12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman. 13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son. 14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

Verse 8 – Deuteronomy 25:7-10 7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband’s brother. 8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her. 9 Then shall his brother’s wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house. 10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

As the Scripture above tells us, the man who refuses to marry the widow of the dead brother was to be named and identified in this very shameful way throughout all of Israel for the remainder of his life.

This I believe answers the question as to why Boaz referred to his relative as Ruth 4:1 “Ho, such a one! Turn aside, sit down here”. And he turned aside and they sat down.

There is no spitting in his face, and there is no name calling on Boaz’s part towards the man. Why? Firstly, it tells us that God had given Boaz supernatural wisdom in resolving this matter in such an honourable way. Boaz as a man of integrity is in no way dishonouring this man. This is why he did what he did the way he did it. If this man was dishonoured, then legally it would be required that Ruth spit in his face and call him that shameful name. Boaz wanted to avoid that. He has done everything by the book – precisely according to the law. There is now no potential for any legal recourse and God is honouring this, and God is blessing this.

Verses 9-10 – This is when Boaz seals the deal, and he does so with the witnesses present, by proclaiming Ruth the Moabites “I have purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among the brethren, and from the gate of his place, ye are witnesses this day”.  The emphasis is not about the land but about the bride. That is all that Boaz wanted, He wanted his bride. He was already a wealthy land owner.

Verses 11-12 – The ten elders pronounce a blessing upon this newlywed couple, the kinsman redeemer and his Gentile bride and it is a glorious celebration that ensues subsequent to all of the people and all of the elders emphatically going on record officially and stating “we are witnesses”.

They pronounce a glorious blessing on Boaz and Ruth in blessing them in such a way that they will be blessed like Rachel and Leah, and Pharez whom Tamar bare unto Judah.

Rachel and Leah I get. Rachel and Leah gave birth to a total of 13 children. 13 children to Jacob – 12 of who would become the 12 tribes of Israel. That is why the elders are blessing them with regards to Rachel and Leah. But – they also blessed them that they would be like the house of Pharez??? Who is Pharez? Why was he mentioned? It’s back to Genesis.

Genesis 38:6-11: 6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar. 7 And Er Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD, and the LORD slew him. 8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother. 9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his: and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother’s wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest he should give seed to his brother. 10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD; wherefore He slew him also. 11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter-in-law, Remain a widow at thy father’s house, till Shelah my son be frown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father’s house.

Judah was the fourth born child of Jacob. Judah had three sons. The above account in Genesis recounts how the LORD slew both of his sons. Judah knew about the Levitical Law given to Moses by the LORD. That if a man’s brother dies without a child, then it is his responsibility to give seed to his brother’s widow. Er –Judah’s firstborn was a wicked man in the sight of the LORD, so the LORD slew him. The responsibility of giving seed to Er’s widow Tamar then fell upon Onan – Judah’s second son. Onan knowing that any seed he gave to Tamar would not belong to him but to his dead brother Er – decided that he didn’t want to give Tamar seed to raise up a child that would not be his. So – he spilled his stuff. That angered the LORD – so the LORD slew him also. Judah only has three sons. Two of them are dead. He cannot afford for his lineage to die out. So in his perceived wisdom he decides to withhold his third son Shelah from Tamar.

Tamar is not silly. Years go by and Shelah has not been given to her as a husband to raise up seed. Her biological clock is ticking. Tamar hatches a plan. She got word that her father-in-law Judah was passing through her village on a certain day. She takes off her widow garments, and dresses up like a prostitute. She stands by the street corner where she knows that Judah will pass by. He approaches her. They have fun. She’s pregnant with Judah’s child.

Genesis 38:27-30: 27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb. 28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that one put out his hand; and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first. 29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said How hast thou broken forth? This breach be upon thee: therefore his name is called Pharez. 30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name is called Zarah.

The name is the nature. Pharez was called breach/breakthrough, because he broke through when he was born.

Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow, and though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

Scarlet in typology is a picture of sin. The scarlet thread that was the second birth (Zarah). We need to be born again because all have sinned (Romans 3:23). Why did they bless Boaz and Ruth with reference to Pharez?

Looking at Zarah, he had a scarlet thread on his wrist, just as Jesus had blood stained wrists because of the marks of scarlet sin. Zarah appeared first just as Jesus is the first fruit of the brethren (1 Corinthians 15:20-23). Zarah remained in the womb, just as Jesus remained in the tomb. Zarah came back out of the womb, just as Jesus comes back out of the tomb. This is why Zarah is seen as a picture of the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

It was Pharez and not Zarah that would bring in the lineage of Jesus Christ along with Boaz and Ruth. Jesus not only comes from the Lion of the tribe of Judah, but He comes from Pharez – in spite of the fact that he was born of an incestuous union (Judah Er’s father & Tamar).

Matthew 1:3-6 3 And Judah begat Pharez and Zarah of Tamar; and Pharez begat Esrom, and Esrom begat Aram. 4 And Aram begat Aminadab and Aminadab begat Naasson and Nasson begat Salmon. 5 And Salmon begat Boaz of Rachab; and Boaz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse. 6 And Jesse begat David the king……..

The lineage of the Saviour of the world comes from a birth such as the same as Ruth – a Moabitess – also from an incestuous union (Lot sleeping with his two daughters).  You would think that the elders pronouncing this blessing on them being like the house of Pharez wouldn’t have been a blessing, but a curse. I get Rachel and Leah, but Pharez???

This blessing would have been even more of a blessing than Rachel and Leah, because of the numerous descendants of Pharez in all of Israel, so much so, that according to 1 Chronicles 2, and Numbers 26, his descendants were so numerous that mostly they would be the Bethlemites of the tribe of Judah in Israel. It was because of Pharez and Ruth and Boaz that Jesus would be born in Bethlehem, because of the census by Augustus that Mary and Joseph would have to go to Bethlehem. Everything is going according to plan. Yes – bless us like the house of Pharez Boaz said. He gladly received that blessing. Ruth was clueless. That is why the ten elders pronounced such a powerful prophetic blessing upon Ruth and Boaz.

Verse 13 – Do you think the LORD has rewarded Ruth many times over for that which she gave up in following Naomi back to Bethlehem, even though Naomi pleaded with her daughter-in-laws to return back to Moab?

Matthew 19:29 And everyone that that forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life

Verse 14 – The women in the town come together to bless Naomi. Naomi and not Ruth. Who would have thought that Naomi who would be the recipient of such a bitter cup of suffering would now behold her grandson? God knew. No doubt, Naomi can now see the bigger picture and knows just how much God is for her, and it is evidence by how much God has given to her. Who knew? God knew. Don’t call me Naomi – call me “Mara” she told them.

God worked it all together perfectly and beautifully for the good. Romans 8:28.   

 

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Fine Print In the Detail

WEEK 50:

Ruth 4:1-7 1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s: 4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it. 5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. 6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it. 7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

Verses 1-2- It was at the city gates where anything that was going to take place took place. It was the hub of the city, where deals would take place, business meetings, and any legal matters were all settled here too. That is why Boaz went there. Boaz being true to his word went to the city gates to settle his legal matter concerning the obligation of this nearer kinsman redeemer. Boaz was not looking for another way around this predicament. He was not looking for a loophole. Boaz cannot legally marry Ruth as a kinsman redeemer unless the closer kinsman redeemer forfeits his right to redeem the land buying it back, and marrying the widow Ruth to give her sons to carry on the name as required by the law.

Deuteronomy 25:5-10 5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go into her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her. 6  And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. 7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband’s brother. 8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her. 9 Then shall his brother’s wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house. 10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

Boaz is going about this in a most unusual way. As we will see later further on in the account, the manner in which Boaz went about this points to a very powerful prophetic picture of our greater than Boaz Jesus Christ as our Kinsman Redeemer.

Why ten elders? Boaz called upon the ten elders of Bethlehem and asked them to come to the city gate. There are Ten Commandments. There were ten plagues. This is significant. Ten may have been the legal number required to form a legal assembly. These ten men were probably respected and distinguished men within the community. The elders are usually wealthy, but generous towards the needy and hospitable towards outsiders. The elders were admired for their speaking ability, and being able to persuade others and reconcile enemies. The roles of the elder were wide and varied. The elders are usually respected for their high moral standards, thereby setting an example for others to follow.

Note also that there is no record of the nearer kinsman redeemers’ name. Boaz says “Ho, such a one! Turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down. Let’s back track a little. Boaz knew as soon as Ruth uncovered his feet what her intentions were. She was telling Boaz that I am available for you to marry me.  Verse 12: And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: however there is a kinsman nearer than I. Boaz knew that there is a nearer kinsman to him. If he knew that, then it stands to reason that Boaz knew his name. Why didn’t he address him by name when he called him over? After all, he is related to him. Why is Boaz saying “Ho, such a one”!? This seems to indicate that the omission of his name was intentional. We will never know the name of this nearer kinsman redeemer, and there is a reason for this which we will see later on as we conclude this account of Ruth.

Verses 3-4 – Boaz intentionally does not mention anything about marrying Ruth at this juncture. Why I wonder? Could it be that both Ruth and Naomi were in close proximity to the city gate, and as such probably heard every word that was being spoken? Ruth knew that Boaz was going to go to the city gate to deal with the nearer kinsman redeemer. Naomi and Ruth were probably so excited they couldn’t contain themselves, and they waited to watch first hand to see how it would go.

Naomi is the one who set this all up. Naomi had a vested interest. This was her land that she jointly owned with her late husband Elimelech. They had to sell it because they fell on hard times, because of the famine in the land. This nearer kinsman redeemer would have been obligated to marry Ruth and not Naomi, because Naomi had passed child bearing age. It would be Ruth who would raise up child to carry on Elimelech’s name. If Orpah had returned to Bethlehem with Naomi and Ruth, then she too would have been in the picture, but she did not return. Orpah is out of the picture, but Ruth is very much the centre of attention now. God is at work – He most certainly is. Even though Ruth is a Gentile, as Elimelech’s daughter-in-law she would be the one that the kinsman redeemer marries to carry on the name of Elimelech.

I wonder what Naomi and Ruth felt and thought when they heard the nearer kinsman say “I will redeem it”? Noooooooooooooooooooo!!! It’s not supposed to go that way. Boaz WHAT are you playing at? WHY did you approach him in that manner? Why didn’t you tell him about me? Why didn’t you fight for me? I don’t even know this guy. I am setting my eyes on him for the first time today. How could you allow this to happen Boaz? No doubt Naomi and Ruth hearts must have sunk. What turmoil they must have gone through hearing those four words – “I will redeem it”.

Why would Boaz risk having him agree to redeem the land first without bringing Ruth into the discussion? Could it be that Boaz wanted the ten elders as the court of law to witness his explicit refusal to marry Ruth as a closer kinsman redeemer once he does bring Ruth into the discussion? Boaz know something they don’t know and he is about to bring her into the discussion and into the decision.

If Boaz had initially proposed the redemption of the widow – the marrying of Ruth with the land, his legal standing may not have been as strong. Marrying Ruth would have been the fine print so to speak in the legal agreement and that is what it was, and as such Boaz knew that it has the propensity to be a deal breaker. For Boaz to wait for him to agree to buy the land before he mentions Ruth is prudent. Boaz is bringing the fine print to the forefront so there is no propensity for any future litigation. It means that the closer kinsman redeemer could never say in the future you tricked me. If it ever reared its ugly head, then you have got a situation where here is Ruth whom Boaz wants to marry and Ruth wants to marry Boaz, and had Boaz not handled it this way, he could have created the very thing he was hoping to avoid. Boaz was being extremely wise and shewed doing it this way, so that there is no question as to why this man is now going to say “you redeem it”.

God is honouring Boaz integrity, The way that Boaz has gone about it – he is doing it the right way. Boaz did not plot or scheme or connive to get what he so desperately wanted. We do err greatly when we do not trust that God is able to work out all these tricky situations in which we might find ourselves in. Oftentimes we try to give God a helping hand. It is our flesh that needs to be in control. Ultimately God knows what He is doing, because He knows the end from the beginning (Isaiah 46:10) – it’s just that we don’t know what God is up to.  God is always in control. Whether we see Him at work or not. We have got to learn to trust God – always.

Boaz just had to trust God. God had already got everything figured out. God knows what He is doing. He is going to do it all His way; in His time and for His glory. At times, we just need to step aside and let God be God. Sometimes we get in God’s way. Getting in God’s way inevitably means it will just take longer to see what you want manifested.

Verses 5-6 6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my righto thyself: for I cannot redeem it.

GOT HIM!!! That is what Boaz knew. The nearer kinsman redeemer stressing that “I CANNOT redeem it”. He didn’t say I “will not” redeem it. There is a difference. He said “I cannot” redeem it. Boaz already knew that the closer kinsman redeemer had a wife and sons and he also would have known that would have meant that any inheritance that he had, had already been allotted to the sons and that is why he could not redeem the land. Remember the story of the Prodigal Son?

Luke 15:12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living.

The culture in those days was such that the children knew what portion of their father’s goods and wealth and land would fall to them before his death. They already knew what they would inherit. Unlike most societies in the 21st century whereby the testator has to pass away first, before the inheritance is divided amongst whoever.

That is why he could not redeem the land and marry Ruth by virtue that by doing so it would have decimated any inheritance he already had given to his sons. If he had married Ruth, given her seed and she had children and she had sons, those sons became Elimelech’s sons, and as such they would be entitled to any inheritance due. Boaz knew that. That was the deal clincher for Boaz.

The nearer kinsman repeats it twice – “I cannot redeem it”. This is precisely why Boaz did it this way. Had he not presented his case in this way, this man could argue that not all the conditions of the redemption had been disclosed. However, by Boaz presenting his case the way he did, he now has the court transcript recording this man saying two times “I cannot redeem it – you redeem it”.

Verse 7 – Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things: a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

That was the custom of those days – to pluck off your shoes. That confirms an agreement. By removing your shoe and giving it to the other party, was a symbol of the possession that which you have – you are giving to them now. This was also the law concerning that of a kinsman redeemer specifically as it relates to the marrying of the childless widow.

 

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Oh NO!!! There’s a Closer Kinsman Redeemer!!!

WEEK 49:      

Ruth 3:13-18 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law.18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.

Verse 13- Slight problem here. There’s a closer kinsman redeemer related to Elimelech who has first refusal to redeem Elimelech’s land and thereby marry Ruth. It is very interesting to see how Boaz approaches the nearer kinsman redeemer. Boaz is going to do this the right way. He is determined to do this the right way, he is not going to concoct a plan to usurp the nearer kinsman – after all, Boaz is a man of integrity. Boaz wants to marry Ruth. Ruth wants to marry Boaz. God has given them favour for each other and God has ordained it, and Boaz wants to marry her. Boaz is not trying to figure out a way to get the guy out of the picture, and that speaks to his integrity, and it speaks to his character.

Notice that he says “if the LORD wills”. What he is saying is – if it is the LORD’s will, if the LORD wills this, then I will perform the duty for you. Boaz wants to do everything by the book. He is also patient, not wanting to strive in taking Ruth as his wife. He is prepared to wait on the LORD to do it the right way and in His time for His glory. It is never a good idea to rush ahead of the LORD folks. Again, I have learnt that the hard way!

Verses 14-18 – I wonder if Ruth had a restless night. Pondering, thinking contemplating what the next turn of events would bring. Here she lay on the threshing floor of a man she was hoping and praying would fulfil the kinsman redeemer law and marry her. Maybe she lay there thinking about her late husband and what might have been?

There she lay waiting until the morning. No – she wanted Boaz to redeem her. The kindness that Boaz had shown her probably made her heart yearn even more. No matter the social standing of the nearer kinsman, his wealth, his land, his name, she did not want him to redeem her. In Boaz was security. She felt safe with Boaz. Any other person plunged her into uncertainty – the unknown.

Luke 10:39: And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard His Word.

Mary sat at the feet of Jesus listening to His Words of wisdom. To sit at the feet of someone indicates a reverential fear of, or a desire to learn from that person. It is the place of submission and even servitude. This is where Ruth spent the rest of the night – at the feet of Boaz until the early hours of the morning. Boaz wanted Ruth to leave very early in the morning so that no one would see a widow woman leaving the threshing floor of a single man. Boaz was keen to preserve the integrity of Ruth. Let us also remember that it would not bode well for Boaz if Ruth was seen leaving his place in the early hours of the morning. It may have been perceived as Boaz being in collusion with Ruth concerning the matter at hand before it was settled in public.

Boaz priority was that he acted rightly, fairly, and in a judicious manner at all times. He has acknowledged that there is a kinsman closer than he, and that kinsman must be given the first opportunity to accept or decline the right of redemption. This would then lead to the contingency that he might accept the right. If he did and he later found out that Ruth had been with Boaz, he could assume, though incorrectly, that they had been intimate. This would, in turn, reflect negatively on both of them. There is an order and a propriety which Boaz had ensured would be followed so that all was done according to the law.

Boaz is keen for Ruth not to return back to Naomi empty handed. He asks for her vail, and measures out six measures of barley – it is a gift for Naomi. But it also has a double meaning which for now escapes Ruth. Ruth has no idea of the message that Boaz is sending to Naomi – yet!

Ruth as a foreigner and from the land of Moab could never have understood all that Naomi told her to do – wash yourself; anoint yourself, make yourself look nice; go to Boaz’s threshing floor, do not let it be known that you are there until he has finished eating and drinking, then go and uncover his feet. Do all of this my daughter Ruth and Boaz will know exactly what these gestures mean. Boaz will know precisely what you are doing and what your intentions are. There will be no ambiguity. There is no way that Ruth would have known all of that. However, Boaz knew.

Boaz knew that it was Naomi who had set this all up, and he is now likewise sending Naomi a message through Ruth with the six ephah’s of barley. It was a symbol of working for six days, then resting on the seventh day. In other words, Naomi – I am going to work now, and I will not rest until I marry Ruth. I will work for six days, and on the seventh day – we will enter our rest – my bride Ruth and I. Naomi gets the message that Boaz has sent to her loud and clear, which is why she tells Ruth in verse 18 “Then she said, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall; for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day”.

This account of Ruth in the Bible makes for a great love story – only its better. This is a true account – Hollywood has nothing on this. The love story of Ruth is a real blockbuster. It has famine; leaving your Country of birth; sojourning in a foreign land; death; sickness; desertion; returning back to your home land empty; finding work; gleaning the fields; girl meets boy; boy meets girl; both fall in love but not a word is spoken about their feelings; mother-in-law is the catalyst; the path for them to be together is laid out, but then there’s a problem, there’s a twist; there’s a spanner in the works, someone else can marry the girl instead of the boy who really wants to marry her……….how will it all end???

 

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The Kinsman Redeemer Law Kicks In

 

WEEK 48:

Ruth 3:7-12 7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. 9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. 10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. 12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I.

Verses 7-9 –  Ruth is in no uncertain terms letting Boaz know that he as a kinsman redeemer is to take her as his wife. Boaz off course is aware of his duty as a kinsman redeemer. He knows the Law of Moses.

Leviticus 25:25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.

Points to note from this account. We read from the account that Ruth told her mother-in-law, that all she has told her to do she will do. However, that was in the presence of Naomi before Ruth left the house. In front of Naomi she said she will do it, but now she has left the house. As she walks to meet Boaz at the threshing floor where Boaz is staying, she has more than enough time to reconsider what she told Naomi. Ruth could easily have changed her mind. We have an account recorded for us in the Scriptures.

Matthew 21:28-30 28 But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard. 29 He answered and said, I will not, but afterward he repented, and went. 30 And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go sir; and went not.

Ruth was taking a tremendous risk in heeding her mother-in-laws advice in actually following through and doing all that Naomi told her to do. Not only did Ruth run the risk of total failure in her efforts to communicate her intent, she also ran the risk of being harmed. Boaz could have attacked her! Secondly, in addition to Ruth taking this risk and stepping out in faith, she does so by submitting herself to both Naomi and Boaz.

Ruth did all. We as humans have a tendency to be very selective as to what we are willing to do and what we will not do.

Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he that cometh to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him.

If you do not have faith – you displease God. Want to please God? Have faith in God. Imagine if Ruth did not do all, then there would be no marriage between Boaz and Ruth. No Obed. No Jesse. No king David. David was of the tribe of Judah. The Messiah would still have come, but through another family from the tribe of Judah.

Ruth’s reward in doing and for doing all that God was calling her to do came by the way of her submitting herself and humbling herself in heeding the advice that Naomi gave to her. By lying at his feet, she was posturing herself in a humble and submissive way before Boaz. That was the symbolic gesture. Remember, Ruth did not really have to do what she did there. She did not need to do what Naomi told her to do. Ruth had every right to hold Boaz as responsible as her kinsmen redeemer to marry her so as to carry on Elimelech’s name. By the law Boaz was required to. He was obligated to.

We can never go wrong when we humble ourselves and conversely we always go wrong when we don’t humble ourselves. God will always bless us when we are submissive and humble. Conversely, we can thwart the blessings of God in our lives by being obstinate and proud. It is not that God won’t bless us. It is that God can’t bless us. He can’t bless us because of our pride.

Proverbs 29:23 A man’s pride shall bring him low; but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit.

Proverbs 11:2 When pride cometh, then cometh shame, but with the lowly is wisdom.

Proverbs 16:18 Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall.

We are never more like Christ than when we are humble, and we are never more like Satan than when we are proud.

Verses 10-11 – Why do you think that Boaz referred to her the way he did? He was very favourable in his response to Ruth. It could be based chiefly on her virtuous character inwardly and not her beautiful appearance outwardly. Her humility; her work ethic coupled with how she honoured her mother-in-law made her beautiful to Boaz. Ruth did not lack inward character such that it would have marred her outward beauty.

Verse 10 – Tells us that Boaz blessed Ruth for not going after younger men whether they were poor or rich. That indicates that Boaz may have been much older than Ruth – yet Ruth chose him. Ruth it would appear was basing her decision solely on Boaz’s character inwardly and not as appearance outwardly.  Word had spread in Bethlehem about the Moabitess widow who has returned with Naomi. Folk had seen how hard working she was. How industrious she was. How committed she was. It goes without say that Ruth could have had any man she wanted. She was still relatively young, of child bearing age and she had demonstrated that she was a hard worker.

Verse 12 – This whole dialogue is taking place at midnight. Boaz had refreshed himself. He had eaten to his heart’s content. He had satisfied his fill with a drink or two. He was now resting when suddenly something or someone awakes him, and says to him “I am Ruth thine handmaid – I am here at your threshing floor in the middle of the night for a reason. It is not about playing games. I am a widow. I am available. You are a near kinsman, and you are single. You will fulfil your obligation as a kinsman redeemer”!

He doesn’t disagree with her. He speaks kindly to her. He more or less infers that he will marry her, but there is a nearer kinsman redeemer than him. Stay her till the morning and we will see what comes of the matter.

Both Ruth and Boaz are on the same page. GAME ON!!! 

 

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Naomi Hatches a Plan

 

WEEK 47:

Ruth 3:1-6  1 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. 5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do. 6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.

Verses 1-4 – The barley harvest is over. This presents a little problem. Once the barley harvest is over, there is a time lapse before the wheat harvest kicks in, so Ruth will not be gleaning for probably a number of weeks. She will have no reason to go to Boaz’s field, and therefore she is not likely to see him unless if by chance she bumps into him in town or in the market. Highly unlikely. However, Naomi being the shrew woman that she is. She has had enough time to ponder over what must be done once the barley harvest is over. She off course having grown up in Bethlehem is accustomed to the times and seasons when reapers go into the field. She is also aware of the average duration of the barley harvest, the wheat harvest, and the grape harvest. Naomi has a plan. Naomi knows exactly what to do in order for Ruth to make known to Boaz that she is available. She is available for him so as to be married to him.

It may seem a bit scheming on Naomi’s part, but she is allowed and justified in doing this because of the law and customs concerning that of a kinsmen redeemer which Boaz was – specifically the role of a kinsman redeemer as it relates to the marrying of a childless widow.

Deuteronomy 25:5-10 5  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go into her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her. 6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel.  7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband’s brother. 8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her. 9 Then shall his brother’s wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house. 10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

As a foreigner from the land of Moab, Ruth is not aware of all the laws and customs observed by the Israelites. She has probably picked up some along the way having been married to an Israelite, but the in-depth knowledge of the Laws given to Moses – Ruth does not have an idea. She is solely dependent upon the advice that her mother-in-law will give her, and being the obedient humble daughter-in-law that she is – she will hearken unto all that Naomi tells her. 

What Ruth does here is totally appropriate. There is nothing inappropriate about what she does. This was the custom of the day between the woman and the man. Ruth wanted to make her intentions known to him, although for Naomi to instruct her as to what she was to do to make her intentions known to Boaz may seem a bit forward and previous in doing so. There was a slight possibility – albeit very slight possibility that it might be misunderstood by Boaz. However, Boaz was a mature man. He was a prudent man. A wise man. A God fearing man. A man of the Word. A single man. Boaz knew exactly what Ruth was doing and as such, he did not misinterpret her intentions.

Verse 5 And she said unto her, “ALL that thou sayest unto me I WILL do”.                           

Verse 5 – Is a lesson for me personally. I cannot speak for another, because I only know about myself. It’s the word all that struck me. How many times have I been told to do something – all of it, and I falter? I may do some. I may do it partially………….but all? When the LORD speaks a specific Word to me that I know that I know – how willing am I to do all that He tells me to? Partial obedience is still disobedience. When it comes to the Almighty, it is all or nothing. There is no room for partial disobedience. When the Prophet Samuel gave a Word to king Saul from the LORD, Saul only partially obeyed the Word of the LORD spoken to him by Samuel the Prophet. That partial obedience cost Saul the kingdom.

1 Samuel 15:19-23 19 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the LORD? 20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 21 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD the thy God in Gilgal. 22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. 23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the Word of the LORD, He hath also rejected thee from being king.

The LORD told Saul to totally annihilate the Amalekites and destroy all the spoil of the land. Do not allow one soul to live. Saul partially obeyed the Word that he heard from Samuel. It cost him dearly. It cost him the kingdom. How often do we know the LORD has spoken to us about something, but we have selective choosing of the bits that we will do and the bits that we conveniently forget the LORD has spoken to us about? I know I am 100% guilty of selective choosing.

Verse 6 – And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother-in-law bade her

Ruth assures Naomi that she will hearken unto her advice and all that Naomi has told her she will do. After all, Naomi is only seeking the best for her faithful obedient daughter-in-law who left all behind to follow her to a land she knew not of.      

 

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Has the Penny Dropped for Naomi?

WEEK 46: 

Ruth 2:17-23 17 So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed.19 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man’s name with whom I wrought today is Boaz. 20 And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen. 21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest. 22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field. 23 So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.

Verses 17-18 – An Ephah of barley is equivalent to 22 litres. That is quite a bit to carry. Ruth works from morning until the evening. Until the going down of the sun Ruth was out there beating out the barley. What a determined and industrious woman Ruth was. She certainly was not work shy. All three women had been suffering in Moab before Naomi decided to up sticks and leave Moab. Ruth knew what it was like to go hungry, to be in need, to lack energy due to lack of nourishment. The barley season would soon be over. She needed to make hay whilst the sun shines – whilst she could. If it meant working from morning until evening to do that – then so be it. The end justifies the means.

Verses 19-23 – This is the first prayer that we have recorded by Naomi. What is the significance of this you may well ask? It is what Naomi prayed for that is significant. Naomi does not pray for and ask for forgiveness or for bitterness – there is no repentance for bitterness – there is however, thankfulness to the LORD for His hand in their lives. It is a prayer for His hand of provision in their lives now.

Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are called according to His purpose.

Just because Naomi had been the recipient of bitter affliction from the LORD, it does not mean that she had become bitter towards the LORD. If she had been bitter towards the LORD, Naomi would have prayed for forgiveness. When we complain and moan and charge God falsely, then all of a sudden we see Him working all things out for our good, when it finally dawns on us, that is the time that we should ask the LORD to forgive us for not trusting in Him and moaning as He took us on that journey. It is incumbent upon us to ask Him for forgiveness.

Naomi does not repent, because she was never bitter towards the LORD in the first place. She is now expressing her thankfulness towards Him. Now Naomi can see how foolish it was of her to suggest that both her daughter-in-laws returned back to their homeland of Moab. Had both returned what would have been Naomi’s fate? Folks – I think we should thank God for the Ruth’s that the LORD has allowed to come into our lives. What sayest thou?

Naomi is astonished that Ruth was able to glean up to 22 litres of barley in one single day. Was she the only maiden their gleaning? Were there men folk in the field gleaning too, or little children? How did she manage to glean so much? How many acres of land? How come you were able to glean such a bountiful harvest Ruth? Naomi cannot fathom it. Her jaw has dropped. Surely Ruth has found favour in the sight of the land owner. This was not normal. So Naomi asks Ruth. Verse 19Where hast thou gleaned today”?

Verse 19 “The man’s name with whom I wrought today is Boaz”. The penny is beginning to drop for Naomi now as soon as Ruth replies her. Verse 20 And Naomi said unto her, “The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen”.

I bet Naomi remembered the Book of the Law in Leviticus 25:25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.

She is possibly musing in her heart how best to go about this. There is still time. The barley harvest still has a few more weeks to go before the end of the harvest. Following the barley harvest is the wheat harvest – but the wheat harvest is not immediate. There is more than enough time for me to think about how best to resolve our predicament Naomi is thinking. In the meantime, she agrees with Boaz, that Ruth should verse 22 “It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field”.

God is so good and so gracious. Naomi is now beginning to connect the dots having seen the fingerprints of the LORD and how He has led them to her kinsman redeemer – on the first day that Ruth went into the fields to glean. It didn’t take a week or a month for their paths to meet – it was instantly. In the twinkling of an eye, the LORD can turn any dire looking impossible situation and circumstance to His glory. He is a jealous God, and He will not share His glory with any man. When God works in our lives it is so evident all we can say is but God. This is indeed the hand of God. God will and God works out His plans for our lives that there is no other conclusion that we can draw – all we can say is but God!!!

 

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References:

http://biblehub.com/weights-and-measures/

 

Favour

 

WEEK 45:

Ruth 2:9-16: 9 Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 11 And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. 12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. 13 Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens.14 And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left. 15 And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: 16 And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not.

Verse 9 – There is something about Ruth that Boaz has seen and identified in her that endears her to him. She has clearly found favour in his eyes. He doesn’t want her to go anywhere else. Glean here throughout the barley harvest Ruth. It is worth noting, that just as Boaz tells Ruth to drink from the water that he offers, so too Jesus told the woman at the well that if she drinks from Him she will never thirst again (John 4:7-14).

John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

Ruth has not revealed to Boaz her life story. It was Boaz’s servants who told him about Ruth and that she was Naomi’s daughter-in-law that followed her from her land of the Moabites. Ruth says nothing about being a widow, or the hardships in her life, the raw deal that has been dealt to her. She does not have a moan. All she wants to do is work an honest day’s work to provide food and drink for herself and her mother-in-law. Ruth is not bitter.

Verses 10-13 – Boaz not only took notice of Ruth, He also knew so much about her. Word had clearly spread about town that Naomi had returned from Moab with her widowed daughter-in-law who is a foreigner. Somehow word had got out how much Ruth had done for her mother-in-law and had made that crucial decision not to leave Naomi to return back to Bethlehem alone with no one to look after her. After all, the years were advancing on Naomi. If Ruth left her alone and returned back to Moab as did Orpah, who would look after Naomi? No – Ruth made that commitment that where Naomi goes – she will go. Her people will be her people. Her God will be her God. Good tidings about Ruth’s commitment to her mother-in-law had spread like wild fire.  Boaz was clearly impressed.

God will always take notice of the commitment and sacrifices we make for Him in our following of Him. It is possible that God rewarded Ruth because she did not crave other people’s pity. It was not about Ruth throwing a pity party. She had bigger fish to fry. It was all about survival for herself and her mother-in-law. She did not want people to pity her.

Verses 14-16 – Vinegar and bread = a delicacy in those days – especially having just come out of a famine. How did Ruth feel? She was being treated like royalty. Yet she was a foreigner. She did not understand their language; their; customs; their culture – yet here she was in a strange land being invited to come and eat a delicacy. Ruth must have felt very special. Here she was – being invited as a reaper to eat his bread and his oil and vinegar, then to hear Boaz tell his servants to allow her to glean wherever she wants to – no restrictions, she was given the green light – even if the harvesters hadn’t gleaned that area yet – Ruth was given permission to go and glean wherever she choose to. Let her glean. Do not rebuke her. Do not reproach her. Do not chide her. Actually guys – you know what – let some of the barley fall purposefully and leave her to glean. I call that favour. The favour of God. It would appear that God by design had given Ruth – even though she was a foreigner favour in the eyes of Boaz.

Picture this. It is hot. The sun is high in the sky. The midday sun is up there blazing down on all. Ruth is in the field gleaning, and she is no doubt sweating. She is probably wearing a head scarf to cover her hair. Not much of her face would be showing. She protects her body with long sleeves and a long robe. My point is that Ruth is probably not a pretty sight in her working gear. What could have possibly attracted Boaz to Ruth? Could it be that it was not so much Ruth’s outward beauty, but her inward character? Her inward character and humility. Humility is very attractive. There is something so attractive about humility and there is something so repulsive about pride. Pride is very ugly.

Ruth is puzzled as to why she had found grace in his sight and being a stranger. Ruth couldn’t fathom it. Boaz replies “ it hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the death of thine husband; and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knowest not heretofore”……

Boaz was impressed that Ruth had left all to follow Naomi. Neither of them knowing what their fate would be. It was a massive leap of faith on their part. It was Ruth’s inward character that was so attractive to Boaz. Inward character is very important.

Verse 14 – Ruth ate a hearty meal and she was satisfied. Only our greater than Boaz Jesus Christ who invites us to eat and drink can satisfy the needs of our hungry and thirsty souls. Only Jesus Christ is enough. You will never know that Jesus Christ is all you need until Jesus Christ is all you have.

 

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Ruth the Gleaner

 

WEEK 44:

Ruth 2:1-8 1 And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. 2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. 3 And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech. 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee. 5 Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? 6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: 7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house. 8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens:

Verse 1 Naomi’s husband Elimelech had a near relative, a kinsman redeemer named Boaz. Who and what is a kinsman redeemer is and what can the kinsmen redeemer do?

Leviticus 25:25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.

Enter Boaz – a near relative of Elimelech. Boaz as a kinsman redeemer was entitled to buy the land and possession in the event that one of his relatives had fallen on hard times – this means that if his relative owed a debt that they could not pay back, then the kinsman redeemer could redeem them by purchasing it or redeeming it for them and instead of them, In typology, a kinsman redeemer points to the person of Jesus Christ who is our Kinsman Redeemer.

Verses 2-3 – Deuteronomy 25:5-10 5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go into her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her. 6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. 7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband’s brother. 8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her. 9 Then shall his brother’s wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house. 10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

Leviticus 25:25 allows Boaz to fulfil the kinsman law; the land that Elimelech and Naomi sold during the famine more than ten years earlier could be purchased and redeemed.

Deuteronomy 25:5-10 By redeeming the land, Boaz a Jew is thus granted automatic license to marry Ruth his Gentile bride – Elimelech’s daughter-in-law, ensuring the family name to carry on.

Matthew 13:44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath and buyeth that field.

In the Parable above, Jesus taught that the field is a type of the world. The world – the field is bought by the next of kin. Jesus Christ purchased the world with His blood as a Kinsman Redeemer. Jesus became Man next to us – a Kinsman – a Man of kin. Why did Jesus do this?

John 3:16: For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life. That is why.

Do you think it was a coincidence that Ruth so happened to find herself gleaning in the field that belonged to Boaz? I think not. I believe it is God’s providence at work. God’s timing was perfect in Ruth being there at the perfect place and at the perfect time. God is never too late. God is never too early.

I believe that it was God who impressed in Ruth’s heart to ask Naomi to go to the fields at this time to glean from the harvest so that they do not starve to death and for Ruth to glean from the harvest was perfectly in accordance with what is written in Leviticus 19:9-10.

Leviticus 19:9-10 9 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest. 10 And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.

The gleanings that fell were left for the poor intentionally, but it was not intended as a hand-out. They still had to work for it. They had to toil in the hot sun to gather up the gleanings that were left behind. They worked for their food, yet they would do it in such a manner that would allow them to keep their dignity. Work was not cursed until after the fall. Work was bliss before the fall.

Ruth did not expect something for nothing. She wanted to work for her keep. It is worth bearing in mind the heart that Boaz had. Boaz still follows the law as prescribed by the LORD in Leviticus 19:9-10. Boaz instructs his reapers despite the fact that there has been a famine in the land for over ten years, he explicitly tells them not to glean all. He could easily have ignored what he knew was in the law, and command his reapers to glean all.

Ruth coming to the field that belonged to Boaz may indicate that the other fields may have had nothing left, because the owners of those fields – unlike Boaz in disobedience to God’s Word have harvested all of the crops leaving nothing for the reapers. This would explain how it is and why it is that Ruth may have by God’s providence ended up in his field, because he may have been the only one in that particular area or district to obey God’s Word and God’s command. Boaz was willing to obey.

Verses 4-7 – This is further evidence of the Godly character of Boaz. As soon as he sees his employees, he greets them first. Boaz is a wealthy land owner. He is not proud, pompous or arrogant. His greeting is a blessing. Boaz blesses his employees first thing in the morning when he sees them, and they return the blessing and said unto the reapers, “The LORD be with you”. And they answered him. “The LORD bless thee”…………….Can you imagine your Boss greeting and blessing you first thing in the morning???? I wonder.

It is also evidence of Ruth’s Godly character because she responds to Boaz by pleading with him to let her glean in his field. Legally, Ruth had every right to glean in his field – even as a Moabitess according to Leviticus 19:9-10. Ruth is ever so graceful and she humbly asks if it is okay for her to glean there.

Verse 8 this is a picture of our greater than Boaz – Jesus Christ. Boaz tells Ruth not to go to another field – stay here. Jesus also tells us to stay.

 

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